Question: What Are Some Diseases That Can Be Spread Through The Air?

Is TB airborne or droplet?

M.

tuberculosis is carried in airborne particles, called droplet nuclei, of 1– 5 microns in diameter.

Infectious droplet nuclei are generated when persons who have pulmonary or laryngeal TB disease cough, sneeze, shout, or sing.

TB is spread from person to person through the air..

Do germs jump?

Summary: Bacteria may be able to jump between host species far easier than was previously thought, a new study suggests. Researchers discovered that a single genetic mutation in a strain of bacteria infectious to humans enables it jump species to also become infectious to rabbits.

What are the main routes infection can enter the body?

The transmission of microorganisms can be divided into the following five main routes: direct contact, fomites, aerosol (airborne), oral (ingestion), and vectorborne. Some microorganisms can be transmitted by more than one route.

What is water borne diseases with examples?

Some waterborne pathogenic microorganisms spread by water can cause severe, life-threatening diseases. Examples are typhoid fever, cholera and Hepatitis A or E. Other microorganisms induce less dangerous diseases. Often, diarrhoea is the main symptom (figure 1).

What are the three water borne diseases?

The result: dangerous diseases like cholera and typhoid fever. Other waterborne diseases include diarrhoea, dysentery, polio and meningitis. Unclean water for washing can cause skin and infectious eye disease such as Trachoma.

What are 5 ways diseases are transmitted?

Five common ways germs are spread:Nose, mouth, or eyes to hands to others: Germs can spread to the hands by sneezing, coughing, or rubbing the eyes and then can be transferred to other family members or friends. … Hands to food: … Food to hands to food: … Infected child to hands to other children: … Animals to people:

How are airborne diseases transmitted?

Airborne infections spread when bacteria or viruses travel on dust particles or small respiratory droplets that become aerosolized when an infected person sneezes or coughs. Healthy people can inhale the infectious droplets, or the droplets can land on their eyes, nose and mouth.

What are 3 ways diseases can spread?

Infectious diseases can spread in a variety of ways: through the air, from direct or indirect contact with another person, soiled objects, skin or mucous membrane, saliva, urine, blood and body secretions, through sexual contact, and through contaminated food and water.

What methods can prevent the transmission of waterborne diseases?

Prevention of Food and Water Borne IllnessUse good environmental management. … Practice good personal hygiene. … Take food safety precautions to learn about the fundamentals of food safety so that you can protect yourself, your friends, family and people in your community.Drink properly treated water.

What are some examples of airborne diseases?

Chickenpox is caused by the varicella-zoster virus. … Mumps is another very contagious viral disease. … Measles is a very contagious disease, particularly in crowded conditions.TB, also known as consumption, is an airborne disease.

What is the most common water borne disease?

Of the seven most common waterborne diseases in the world, diarrhea is the central symptom….DysenteryStomach cramps and pain.Diarrhea.Fever.Nausea.Vomiting.Dehydration.

How can you protect yourself from germs?

Protect YourselfHandle & Prepare Food Safely. Food can carry germs. … Wash Hands Often. Learn how to Clean Hands and Help Prevent Flu.Clean & Disinfect Commonly Used Surfaces. Germs can live on surfaces. … Cough & Sneeze Into Your Sleeve. … Don’t Share Personal Items. … Get Vaccinated. … Avoid Touching Wild Animals. … Stay Home When Sick.