Quick Answer: What Are The Four Stages Of Diabetic Retinopathy?

How long does it take to go blind from diabetic retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy is a complication of diabetes, caused by high blood sugar levels damaging the back of the eye (retina).

It can cause blindness if left undiagnosed and untreated.

However, it usually takes several years for diabetic retinopathy to reach a stage where it could threaten your sight..

How is diabetic retinopathy caused?

Diabetic retinopathy is caused by high blood sugar due to diabetes. Over time, having too much sugar in your blood can damage your retina — the part of your eye that detects light and sends signals to your brain through a nerve in the back of your eye (optic nerve).

What is the best treatment for diabetic retinopathy?

Advanced diabetic retinopathyPhotocoagulation. This laser treatment, also known as focal laser treatment, can stop or slow the leakage of blood and fluid in the eye. … Panretinal photocoagulation. … Vitrectomy. … Injecting medicine into the eye.

Is diabetic retinopathy reversible?

Can diabetic retinopathy be reversed? No, but it doesn’t have to lead to blindness, either. If you catch it early enough, you can prevent it from taking your vision.

How fast does retinopathy progress?

After converting to insulin, of those who developed or already had retinopathy, 60% progressed in the first year, 20 % the second, as shown.

How can I reverse diabetic retinopathy?

Treatment. Treatments for diabetic retinopathy include: Anti-VEGF injection therapy. Drugs that block vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), a protein that makes abnormal blood vessels grow in your eye, can reverse the blood vessel growths and lower fluid buildup in your retina.

What happens when you have diabetic retinopathy?

Over time, diabetes damages small blood vessels throughout the body, including the retina. Diabetic retinopathy occurs when these tiny blood vessels leak blood and other fluids. This causes the retinal tissue to swell, resulting in cloudy or blurred vision. Diabetic retinopathy usually affects both eyes.

Can you drive with diabetic retinopathy?

After lots of laser for diabetic retinopathy, you may notice a lot of glare and poor night vision. Many such people can see safely during the day, but have poor night vision. These patients are often legally allowed to drive as above, but are not safe to drive at night.

Can glasses help diabetic retinopathy?

A set of snap-together glasses will help doctors demonstrate the effects of diabetic retinopathy, an eye disease that can result from uncontrolled diabetes and lead to blindness.

Is diabetic retinopathy permanent?

There is no cure for diabetic retinopathy. But treatment works very well to prevent, delay, or reduce vision loss. The sooner the condition is found, the easier it is to treat. And it’s more likely that vision will be saved.

What are the stages of retinopathy?

This article provides tips on caring for patients with diabetes, including advice calibrated to the specific stages of diabetic retinopathy (Table).WHAT TO LOOK FOR. … STAGE 1: MILD NPDR. … STAGE 2: MODERATE NPDR. … STAGE 3: SEVERE NPDR. … STAGE 4: PROLIFERATIVE DIABETIC RETINOPATHY.

What is the first stage of diabetic retinopathy?

In the early stages of diabetic retinopathy, the walls of the blood vessels in your retina weaken. Tiny bulges protrude from the vessel walls, sometimes leaking or oozing fluid and blood into the retina. Nerve fibers in the retina may swell, producing white spots in the retina.