- What is normally found in urine?
- Does urine test show kidney problems?
- What is the normal range for urinalysis?
- How many pus cell in urine is normal?
- What should not be found in urine?
- What are good urinalysis results?
- What can a urine test show?
- What infections can be found in urine?
- What are the abnormalities in urine?
- What color should Urine be?
- How do I read my urine test results?
- What is a positive urine test?
What is normally found in urine?
Urine is an aqueous solution of greater than 95% water.
Other constituents include urea, chloride, sodium, potassium, creatinine and other dissolved ions, and inorganic and organic compounds.
Urea is a non-toxic molecule made of toxic ammonia and carbon dioxide..
Does urine test show kidney problems?
Blood and urine tests show how well the kidneys are doing their job and how quickly body wastes are being removed. Urine tests can also detect whether the kidneys are leaking abnormal amounts of protein, a sign of kidney damage.
What is the normal range for urinalysis?
According to the American Association for Clinical Chemistry, the average value for urine pH is 6.0, but it can range from 4.5 to 8.0. Urine under 5.0 is acidic, and urine higher than 8.0 is alkaline, or basic. Different laboratories may have different ranges for “normal” pH levels.
How many pus cell in urine is normal?
The normal value of a puss cell varies from 5 to 8 in male and 10 for women. A loopful of urine sample was taken and streaked to different types of media such as UTI agar (Himedia), blood agar (Himedia), MacConkey agar (Himedia) and brain–heart infusion agar (Himedia).
What should not be found in urine?
The following are not normally found in urine:Hemoglobin.Nitrites.Red blood cells.White blood cells.
What are good urinalysis results?
Normal values are as follows:Color – Yellow (light/pale to dark/deep amber)Clarity/turbidity – Clear or cloudy.pH – 4.5-8.Specific gravity – 1.005-1.025.Glucose – ≤130 mg/d.Ketones – None.Nitrites – Negative.Leukocyte esterase – Negative.More items…•
What can a urine test show?
The urinalysis is a set of screening tests that can detect some common diseases. It may be used to screen for and/or help diagnose conditions such as a urinary tract infections, kidney disorders, liver problems, diabetes or other metabolic conditions, to name a few.
What infections can be found in urine?
The most common infections diagnosed by urinalysis are UTIs, which are one of the most common bacterial infections that require medical intervention. Several other infections such as community-acquired pneumonia and viremia infections can also be diagnosed with the help of urinalysis.
What are the abnormalities in urine?
Asymptomatic urinary abnormalities that are commonly diagnosed by dipstick and microscopic examination of urine are glycosuria, pyuria, crystalluria, bacteriuria, hematuria, and proteinuria: Glycosuria: Glycosuria in the absence of hyperglycemia suggests renal glycosuria or proximal tubular disease.
What color should Urine be?
Normal urine color ranges from pale yellow to deep amber — the result of a pigment called urochrome and how diluted or concentrated the urine is.
How do I read my urine test results?
A dipstick test checks for:Acidity (pH). The pH level indicates the amount of acid in urine. … Concentration. A measure of concentration, or specific gravity, shows how concentrated particles are in your urine. … Protein. Low levels of protein in urine are normal. … Sugar. … Ketones. … Bilirubin. … Evidence of infection. … Blood.
What is a positive urine test?
ANSWER. If your urine test is positive, it means your kidneys can no longer filter your blood as well as they should. It also shows you have blood vessel disease that could lead to heart problems.