What Are 5 Diseases Caused By Virus?

What are the 5 most common infectious diseases?

The 5 Most Common Infectious DiseasesHepatitis B.

According to current statistics, hepatitis B is the most common infectious disease in the world, affecting some 2 billion people — that’s more than one-quarter of the world’s population.

Malaria.

Hepatitis C.

Dengue.

Tuberculosis..

What is the common virus?

When most people hear the word “virus,” they think of disease-causing (pathogenic) viruses such as the common cold, influenza, chickenpox, human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), SARS-CoV-2 and others. Viruses can affect many areas in the body, including the reproductive, respiratory, and gastrointestinal systems.

How are viruses created?

Viruses may have arisen from mobile genetic elements that gained the ability to move between cells. They may be descendants of previously free-living organisms that adapted a parasitic replication strategy. Perhaps viruses existed before, and led to the evolution of, cellular life.

Do viruses reproduce on their own?

Viruses can only replicate themselves by infecting a host cell and therefore cannot reproduce on their own. … A primary reason is that viruses do not possess a cell membrane or metabolise on their own – characteristics of all living organisms.

Do viruses move?

How do viruses multiply? Due to their simple structure, viruses cannot move or even reproduce without the help of an unwitting host cell. But when it finds a host, a virus can multiply and spread rapidly.

What are 3 common viruses?

Other common viral diseases include:Chickenpox.Flu (influenza)Herpes.Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV/AIDS)Human papillomavirus (HPV)Infectious mononucleosis.Mumps, measles and rubella.Shingles.More items…

Which is the most contagious disease?

Common cold – This is the most highly contagious and the most common infectious disease in humans. This is an infection that has been a common thing since the existence of humanity.

How do viruses infect the body?

In humans, viruses that cause disease like cold and flu are spread through bodily fluids, like spit or snot. The virus is so small that it leaves our bodies in these fluids, and can even float through the air in droplets from a sneeze or cough. The virus can enter the body through the eyes, nose, or mouth.

Which diseases are caused by viruses?

Viruses cause familiar infectious diseases such as the common cold, flu and warts. They also cause severe illnesses such as HIV/AIDS, Ebola, and COVID-19.

How do viruses multiply?

For viruses to multiply, they usually need support of the cells they infect. Only in their host´s nucleus can they find the machines, proteins, and building blocks with which they can copy their genetic material before infecting other cells.

Is a virus a life form?

So were they ever alive? Most biologists say no. Viruses are not made out of cells, they can’t keep themselves in a stable state, they don’t grow, and they can’t make their own energy. Even though they definitely replicate and adapt to their environment, viruses are more like androids than real living organisms.