What Are The Four Main Organs Of The Urinary System?

Where is urine stored?

Your kidneys, located toward the back in your upper abdomen, produce urine by filtering waste and fluid from your blood.

That urine then travels through your ureters to your bladder, where the urine is stored until you can eliminate it at an appropriate time..

How urine is formed step by step?

Filtration, Reabsorption, Secretion: The Three Steps of Urine Formation. The kidneys filter unwanted substances from the blood and produce urine to excrete them. There are three main steps of urine formation: glomerular filtration, reabsorption, and secretion.

What are the 4 main functions of the urinary system?

Kidney and urinary system parts and their functionsRemove waste products and medicines from the body.Balance the body’s fluids.Balance a variety of electrolytes.Release hormones to control blood pressure.Release a hormone to control red blood cell production.Help with bone health by controlling calcium and phosphorus.

What is the primary organ of the urinary system?

The kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra are the primary structures of the urinary system. They filter blood and remove waste from the body in the form of urine.

What are the two main organs of the urinary system?

Urinary system (renal system)Kidneys and ureters.Bladder.Urethra.

What are the 7 functions of the kidneys?

KIDNEYSRegulation of extracellular fluid volume. The kidneys work to ensure an adequate quantity of plasma to keep blood flowing to vital organs.Regulation of osmolarity. … Regulation of ion concentrations. … Regulation of pH. … Excretion of wastes and toxins. … Production of hormones.

What is the correct path of urine in our body?

Urine is formed in the kidneys through a filtration of blood. The urine is then passed through the ureters to the bladder, where it is stored. During urination, the urine is passed from the bladder through the urethra to the outside of the body.

How is urine created?

Each nephron consists of a ball formed of small blood capillaries, called a glomerulus, and a small tube called a renal tubule. Urea, together with water and other waste substances, forms the urine as it passes through the nephrons and down the renal tubules of the kidney. Two ureters.

What are common diseases of the urinary system?

Some of the more common problems of the urinary system include:Bladder infections – (cystitis) usually caused by bacteria.Enlarged prostate – in men, this can make it difficult to empty the bladder.Incontinence – when urine leaks out of the urethra.Kidney infections – when a bladder infection ‘backs up’ the ureters.More items…•

What is the main function of the kidneys?

The kidneys act as very efficient filters for ridding the body of waste and toxic substances, and returning vitamins, amino acids, glucose, hormones and other vital substances into the bloodstream. The kidneys receive a high blood flow and this is filtered by very specialised blood vessels.

What are the major organs of the urinary system quizlet?

Organs of the urinary system are the kidneys, ureters, bladder, and urethra.

What is the most important part of the urinary system?

The kidneys form the urine and account for the other functions attributed to the urinary system. The ureters carry the urine away from kidneys to the urinary bladder, which is a temporary reservoir for the urine. The urethra is a tubular structure that carries the urine from the urinary bladder to the outside.