Which Form Of Nitrogenous Waste Is Most Effective In Conserving Water?

What are the 3 types of nitrogenous waste?

Nitrogenous waste takes three forms:ammonia – the direct waste produced as a byproduct of protein metabolism.

Produced by all animals.

urea – formed in the liver from the conversion of ammonia.

uric acid – in reptiles and birds uric acid is formed in the liver from the conversion of ammonia..

What is the main nitrogenous waste of human?

ureaTwo major nitrogenous waste products, urea and ammonium (NH4+), are produced in humans when proteins are oxidized, and in this manuscript their excretions are examined from two perspectives.

How is urea removed from the body?

The kidneys remove urea from the blood through tiny filtering units called nephrons. Each nephron consists of a ball formed of small blood capillaries (glomerulus) and a small tube called a renal tubule.

Which compound has the greatest solubility in water?

Water (H2O) is a polar molecule that exhibits hydrogen bonding, so the most soluble solute would be a polar compound that exhibits hydrogen bonding.

Which nitrogenous waste is more soluble in water?

ammonia3 Major Nitrogenous Waste Products Exist among Vertebrates: Due to the high solubility of ammonia in water and its small molecular size, ammonia readily diffuses to the aquatic environment at gill or skin surface.

Which nitrogenous waste is the one produced by fish?

Urea and uric acid are the most common nitrogenous waste products in terrestrial animals; freshwater fish excrete ammonia and marine fish excrete both urea and trimethylamine oxide.

What is the most poisonous of all waste products?

Ammonia (NH3) forms with the oxidation of amino groups. (-NH2), which are removed from the proteins when they convert into carbohydrates. It is a very toxic substance to tissues and extremely soluble in water. Only one nitrogen atom is removed with it.

What are nitrogenous waste products?

Any metabolic waste product that contains nitrogen. Urea and uric acid are the most common nitrogenous waste products in terrestrial animals; freshwater fish excrete ammonia and marine fish excrete both urea and trimethylamine oxide.

Which is the major nitrogenous waste product in a human being how is it removed from the body?

The major nitrogenous waste product in humans is urea. It is removed from the body by the kidneys.

Which is the least toxic nitrogenous waste?

The uric acid is the least toxic metabolic product of protein metabolism, which gets excreted by urine.

Which is the most soluble in water?

ethylene glycolAmong given compounds, ethylene glycol ( HO−CH2−CH2−OH ) is the most soluble in water. Ethylene glycol has two hydroxy groups both of which form hydrogen bonds with water. Greater is the number of hydrogen bonds, greater is the extent of hydrogen bonding and greater is the solubility in water.

How do fish get rid of nitrogenous waste?

To maintain their water balance, marine fishes drink large quantities of seawater, retaining most of the water and excreting the salt. Most nitrogenous waste in marine fishes appears to be secreted by the gills as ammonia. Marine fishes can excrete salt by clusters of special cells (chloride cells) in the gills.

What dissolves easily in water?

Stone, iron, pots, pans, plates, sugar, salt, and coffee beans all dissolve in water. … Substances which dissolve easily and readily in water (sugar, salt, etc.) are called water-loving, or hydrophilic substances. On the other hand, some solutes are non-polar and do not have any positive or negative charges.

Is water a soluble?

Water also dissolves non-ionic substances. For example, C2H5OH (ethanol) is very soluble in H2O. This is because C2H5OH has a polar OH bond that the water molecules like to hang around. Many substances do not dissolve in water and that is because they are non-polar and do not interact well with water molecules.

How many types of nitrogenous waste are there?

Nitrogen excretion: Nitrogenous waste is excreted in different forms by different species. These include (a) ammonia, (b) urea, and (c) uric acid.

Which form of nitrogenous waste is most toxic?

ammoniaNitrogenous wastes tend to form toxic ammonia, which raises the pH of body fluids. The formation of ammonia itself requires energy in the form of ATP and large quantities of water to dilute it out of a biological system.

Which organ removes nitrogenous waste from the body?

kidneysHumans have two kidneys and each kidney is supplied with blood from the renal artery. The kidneys remove from the blood the nitrogenous wastes such as urea, as well as salts and excess water, and excrete them in the form of urine.

In which part of the body are amino acids converted into urea?

Urea is produced in the liver and is a metabolite (breakdown product) of amino acids. Ammonium ions are formed in the breakdown of amino acids. Some are used in the biosynthesis of nitrogen compounds. Excess ammonium ions are converted to urea.